This paper presents two alternative approaches for the study of reinforced concrete beams under blast loads. In the first approach, the beam is modeled by means of Euler–Bernoulli’s theory and its elastic–plastic behavior is expressed through a new nonlinear relationship between bending moment and curvature. In the second approach, instead, the beam is idealized as a single degree of freedom system. The effects of strain rate, which are of paramount relevance in blast problems, are taken into consideration by introducing time-variable coefficients into the equations of motion derived from the two models. The latter are employed to assess the time-history of the maximum deflection of a simply supported beam subjected to a uniformly distributed blast load. By comparing the theoretical results with some experimental findings available in literature and with the solution obtained from a commercial finite element software, it is found that the first approach is capable of accurately evaluating the maximum deflection of the beam at failure; on the other hand, the second approach provides a less precise prediction, however it is simpler to implement in practice because it requires less computational effort.

Theoretical models to predict the flexural failure of reinforced concrete beams under blast loads

CARTA, GIORGIO;STOCHINO, FLAVIO
2013

Abstract

This paper presents two alternative approaches for the study of reinforced concrete beams under blast loads. In the first approach, the beam is modeled by means of Euler–Bernoulli’s theory and its elastic–plastic behavior is expressed through a new nonlinear relationship between bending moment and curvature. In the second approach, instead, the beam is idealized as a single degree of freedom system. The effects of strain rate, which are of paramount relevance in blast problems, are taken into consideration by introducing time-variable coefficients into the equations of motion derived from the two models. The latter are employed to assess the time-history of the maximum deflection of a simply supported beam subjected to a uniformly distributed blast load. By comparing the theoretical results with some experimental findings available in literature and with the solution obtained from a commercial finite element software, it is found that the first approach is capable of accurately evaluating the maximum deflection of the beam at failure; on the other hand, the second approach provides a less precise prediction, however it is simpler to implement in practice because it requires less computational effort.
Blast loads, Continuous beam model, Deflection time-history, Reinforced concrete beams, SDOF model, Strain rate
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/72669
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