Amyloid-beta (A beta) peptides are produced in high amounts during Alzheimer's disease, causing synaptic and memory dysfunction. However, they are also released in lower amounts in normal brains throughout life during synaptic activity. Here we show that low picomolar concentrations of a preparation containing both A beta(42) monomers and oligomers cause a marked increase of hippocampal long-term potentiation, whereas high nanomolar concentrations lead to the well established reduction of potentiation. Picomolar levels of A beta(42) also produce a pronounced enhancement of both reference and contextual fear memory. The mechanism of action of picomolar A beta(42) on both synaptic plasticity and memory involves alpha 7-containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. These findings strongly support a model for A beta effects in which low concentrations play a novel positive, modulatory role on neurotransmission and memory, whereas high concentrations play the well known detrimental effect culminating in dementia.

Picomolar Amyloid-beta Positively Modulates Synaptic Plasticity and Memory in Hippocampus

FA', MAURO;
2008

Abstract

Amyloid-beta (A beta) peptides are produced in high amounts during Alzheimer's disease, causing synaptic and memory dysfunction. However, they are also released in lower amounts in normal brains throughout life during synaptic activity. Here we show that low picomolar concentrations of a preparation containing both A beta(42) monomers and oligomers cause a marked increase of hippocampal long-term potentiation, whereas high nanomolar concentrations lead to the well established reduction of potentiation. Picomolar levels of A beta(42) also produce a pronounced enhancement of both reference and contextual fear memory. The mechanism of action of picomolar A beta(42) on both synaptic plasticity and memory involves alpha 7-containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. These findings strongly support a model for A beta effects in which low concentrations play a novel positive, modulatory role on neurotransmission and memory, whereas high concentrations play the well known detrimental effect culminating in dementia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/77780
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