Yeast strains isolated from rock samples collected from worldwide cold regions were identified by sequence analysis of the D1/D2 domains of the 26S rDNA gene and the ITS region followed by molecular phylogeny. Over 77 % of yeasts isolates were Basidiomycota. Cryptococcus (orders Filobasidiales and Tremellales) and Rhodotorula (order Cystobasidiales) were the most frequent genera. About 40 % of yeast isolates belonged to undescribed species. Almost all isolates were psychrotolerant. Urease and esterase were the most widely extracellular enzymatic activity at 4 °C and 20 °C. None of the strains exhibited extracellular protease, DNAse, cellulase, chitinase, and laccase activity. The taxonomic and ecological significance of yeasts associated to worldwide cold rocky habitats is discussed.

Taxonomic and phenotypic characterization of yeasts isolated from worldwide cold rock-associated habitats.

ISOLA, DANIELA;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Yeast strains isolated from rock samples collected from worldwide cold regions were identified by sequence analysis of the D1/D2 domains of the 26S rDNA gene and the ITS region followed by molecular phylogeny. Over 77 % of yeasts isolates were Basidiomycota. Cryptococcus (orders Filobasidiales and Tremellales) and Rhodotorula (order Cystobasidiales) were the most frequent genera. About 40 % of yeast isolates belonged to undescribed species. Almost all isolates were psychrotolerant. Urease and esterase were the most widely extracellular enzymatic activity at 4 °C and 20 °C. None of the strains exhibited extracellular protease, DNAse, cellulase, chitinase, and laccase activity. The taxonomic and ecological significance of yeasts associated to worldwide cold rocky habitats is discussed.
2014
phylogeny; extreme environments; yeasts
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/83483
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