Background: Chronic urticaria (CU) is a common disease characterized by recurrent itchy wheals and/or angioedema for more than 6 weeks. We aimed to investigate the potential involvement of chemotactic mediators and soluble adhesion molecules as markers of endothelial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). The potential relevance of these soluble mediators in the evaluation of disease activity was also investigated. Methods: We measured the levels of CCL5/RANTES, CXCL8/IL-8, sVCAM-1, and sICAM-1 in the sera of 87 patients with CSU and 61 normal healthy subjects (NHS) using ELISA assays. According to the results of autologous serum skin tests (ASST), CSU patients were classified into ASST-positive and ASST-negative subgroups. Furthermore, we investigated in 4 patients whether H1-antihistamine therapy decreases sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 levels. Results: We detected a significantly higher concentration of CCL5/RANTES (p < 0.0001) but not of CXCL8/IL-8 in CSU patients compared to NHS. The serum levels of sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 were significantly increased in CSU patients compared to NHS (p = 0.0121 and p = 0.0043, respectively). No difference in chemokine or soluble adhesion molecule levels was detected between the ASST-positive and ASST-negative subgroups. A positive correlation was found between sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 (p = 0.0022) but not between these and CCL5/RANTES. After H1-antihistamine therapy, sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 levels did not decrease in the 4 CSU patients tested. Conclusions: Our study suggests that CCL5/RANTES, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 play a potential role in the pathogenesis of CSU but they do not parallel disease activity and are not predictive of the response to H1- antihistamine therapy.

CCL5/RANTES, sVCAM-1, and sICAM-1 in chronic spontaneous urticaria

PUXEDDU, ILARIA;
2013-01-01

Abstract

Background: Chronic urticaria (CU) is a common disease characterized by recurrent itchy wheals and/or angioedema for more than 6 weeks. We aimed to investigate the potential involvement of chemotactic mediators and soluble adhesion molecules as markers of endothelial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). The potential relevance of these soluble mediators in the evaluation of disease activity was also investigated. Methods: We measured the levels of CCL5/RANTES, CXCL8/IL-8, sVCAM-1, and sICAM-1 in the sera of 87 patients with CSU and 61 normal healthy subjects (NHS) using ELISA assays. According to the results of autologous serum skin tests (ASST), CSU patients were classified into ASST-positive and ASST-negative subgroups. Furthermore, we investigated in 4 patients whether H1-antihistamine therapy decreases sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 levels. Results: We detected a significantly higher concentration of CCL5/RANTES (p < 0.0001) but not of CXCL8/IL-8 in CSU patients compared to NHS. The serum levels of sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 were significantly increased in CSU patients compared to NHS (p = 0.0121 and p = 0.0043, respectively). No difference in chemokine or soluble adhesion molecule levels was detected between the ASST-positive and ASST-negative subgroups. A positive correlation was found between sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 (p = 0.0022) but not between these and CCL5/RANTES. After H1-antihistamine therapy, sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 levels did not decrease in the 4 CSU patients tested. Conclusions: Our study suggests that CCL5/RANTES, sICAM-1, and sVCAM-1 play a potential role in the pathogenesis of CSU but they do not parallel disease activity and are not predictive of the response to H1- antihistamine therapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/83747
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