Molecules that selectively recognize DNA mismatches (MMs) play a key role as nucleic acids probes and as chemotherapeutic agents. Metallo-insertors bind to the minor groove (mG) of double strand (ds) DNA, expelling the mismatched base pairs and acting as their π-stacking replacement. In contrast, metallo-intercalators bind to the major groove (MG) of ds DNA and π-stack to adjacent base pairs. In this study we focused on structural and energetic properties of Δ−[Rh(bpy)2(chrysi)]3+ (1), Δ−[Ru(bpy)2(ddpz)]2+ (2), and Δ-[Ru(bpy)2(eilatin)]2+ (3) as prototypical examples of metallo-insertors and intercalators. For all molecules we characterized both insertion and intercalation into a DNA dodecamer via force field based molecular dynamics (MD) and hybrid quantum-classical (QM/MM) MD simulations. A structural analysis of the 1–3/DNA noncovalent adducts reveals that the insertion provokes an untwist of the DNA, an opening of the mG and of the phosphate backbone in proximity of the mismatch, while the intercalation induces smaller changes of these structural parameters. This behavior appears to be correlated with the size of the inserting/intercalating ligand in proximity of the metal coordination site. Moreover, our simulations show that the different selectivity of 1 toward distinct MM types may be correlated with the thermodynamic stability of the MMs in the free DNA and with that of the corresponding insertion adduct. Understanding the factors which tune a specific insertion is of crucial importance for designing specific luminescent probes that selectively recognize MMs, as well as for developing more effective anticancer drugs active in MM repair of deficient cells lines.
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|Titolo:||Detecting DNA Mismatches with Metallo-Insertors: A Molecular Simulation Study|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|