About 30 yr after malaria eradication, surveys to assess the presence and abundance of anopheline vectors were carried out in central and southern Italy and in the islands of Sardinia and Sicily from 1992 to 1994. Anopheles labranchiae Falleroni was present in scattered foci in all regions, except for Tuscany, where it breeds almost exclusively in rice fields (Grosseto Province). Most common breeding sites were rivers and streams, followed by ponds and ground pools. The highest adult densitiy was found in Tuscany near rice fields and along the west coast of Calabria. Anophelines in Grosseto were abundant at human bait, with peaks of >200 landings per human per night and vectorial capacity between 7.3 and 26 for Plasmodium falciparum and between 8.3 and 32.5 for Plasmodium vivax. Anopheles sacharovi Favre, a former malaria vector in Puglia and Sardinia, was not found in these regions. The other vector in southern Italy, Anopheles superpictus Grassi, was found at low densities on the western and eastern coasts of Calabria. All anopheline populations were fully susceptible to deltamethrin, malathion, and DDT but showed reduced susceptibility to permethrin and propoxur. These data are discussed in the light of a possible reintroduction of malaria into Italy.

Status of malaria vectors in Italy

MARCHI, ANNALISA
1997

Abstract

About 30 yr after malaria eradication, surveys to assess the presence and abundance of anopheline vectors were carried out in central and southern Italy and in the islands of Sardinia and Sicily from 1992 to 1994. Anopheles labranchiae Falleroni was present in scattered foci in all regions, except for Tuscany, where it breeds almost exclusively in rice fields (Grosseto Province). Most common breeding sites were rivers and streams, followed by ponds and ground pools. The highest adult densitiy was found in Tuscany near rice fields and along the west coast of Calabria. Anophelines in Grosseto were abundant at human bait, with peaks of >200 landings per human per night and vectorial capacity between 7.3 and 26 for Plasmodium falciparum and between 8.3 and 32.5 for Plasmodium vivax. Anopheles sacharovi Favre, a former malaria vector in Puglia and Sardinia, was not found in these regions. The other vector in southern Italy, Anopheles superpictus Grassi, was found at low densities on the western and eastern coasts of Calabria. All anopheline populations were fully susceptible to deltamethrin, malathion, and DDT but showed reduced susceptibility to permethrin and propoxur. These data are discussed in the light of a possible reintroduction of malaria into Italy.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/8979
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 15
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact