Infection of mouse L929 cells by mengovirus resulted in the expression of a kinase activity that selectively phosphorylated the small, 38,000-molecular-weight subunit of eucaryotic initiation factor 2 and histone H2. This kinase activity was independent of host cell RNA synthesis and was located in the postribosomal supernatant (S-100 fraction) early after infection (up to 3 h). At later times after infection (5 h), kinase activity was also associated with the polysome fraction. The kinase present in the S-100 fraction bound strongly to DEAE-cellulose, its peak activity eluting at 0.5 M KCl. Kinase activity was independent of the presence of exogenous double-stranded RNA, and KCl at concentrations greater than 0.1 M inhibited eucaryotic initiation factor 2 phosphorylation. The 67,000-molecular-weight phosphoprotein activated in interferon-treated cells by double-stranded RNA was not detected by standard phosphorylation assays in lysates from mengovirus-infected cells. Labeling of this protein in vivo during 5 h of infection was also not detected. The DEAE-cellulose-purified mengovirus kinase inhibited protein synthesis in reticulocyte lysates, and the inhibition was not reversible by high concentrations of poly(I)poly(C).

A Kinase able to phosphorylate exogenous protein synthesis initiation factor eIF 2a is present in lysates of mengovirus infected L cells

PANI, ALESSANDRA;
1986

Abstract

Infection of mouse L929 cells by mengovirus resulted in the expression of a kinase activity that selectively phosphorylated the small, 38,000-molecular-weight subunit of eucaryotic initiation factor 2 and histone H2. This kinase activity was independent of host cell RNA synthesis and was located in the postribosomal supernatant (S-100 fraction) early after infection (up to 3 h). At later times after infection (5 h), kinase activity was also associated with the polysome fraction. The kinase present in the S-100 fraction bound strongly to DEAE-cellulose, its peak activity eluting at 0.5 M KCl. Kinase activity was independent of the presence of exogenous double-stranded RNA, and KCl at concentrations greater than 0.1 M inhibited eucaryotic initiation factor 2 phosphorylation. The 67,000-molecular-weight phosphoprotein activated in interferon-treated cells by double-stranded RNA was not detected by standard phosphorylation assays in lysates from mengovirus-infected cells. Labeling of this protein in vivo during 5 h of infection was also not detected. The DEAE-cellulose-purified mengovirus kinase inhibited protein synthesis in reticulocyte lysates, and the inhibition was not reversible by high concentrations of poly(I)poly(C).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/9527
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