Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) can be subdivided into two groups according to age of onset: (1) the more prevalent middle to late-age-onset chronic open-angle glaucoma (COAG) diagnosed after age 40, and (2) the less common form, juvenile open-angle glaucoma (JOAG), which occurs between 3 years of age and early adulthood. Susceptibility to either COAG or JOAG has been found to be inherited. The discovery of several genetic markers spanning the region 1q21-q24 in genetic linkage with autosomal dominant juvenile open-angle glaucoma (adJOAG) represents a major breakthrough towards the localisation of gene(s) responsible for the disease. Linkage analysis is a powerful means of distinguishing disease loci in large families with dominant disease. However the size of the group of families may represent a crucial factor for the linkage analysis. Sardinia is an island with a relatively isolated ethnic group showing a relatively high frequency of ad JOAG and COAG (Fossarello et al, 1994) and it is genetically more homogeneous than most Western populations. Therefore it represents an ideal ethnic group to search for linkage. We identified 18 families affected by POAG in which the disease appears to be inherited as autosomic dominant trait. In all families but two, occurrence of both JOAG and COAG in the same kindred was observed. Identification of adPOAG locus was performed by linkage analysis using 9 microsatellite markers spanning the region 1q21-q24. No significant linkage was observed. Our findings provide further evidence for genetic heterogeneity in autosomal dominant primary open angle glaucoma, even in a geographic area where a relatively homogeneous genetic background exists.

Genetic mapping of dominant primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in Sardinia

FOSSARELLO, MAURIZIO;ZUCCA, IGNAZIO ALBERTO;GALANTUOMO, MARIA SILVANA;
1997

Abstract

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) can be subdivided into two groups according to age of onset: (1) the more prevalent middle to late-age-onset chronic open-angle glaucoma (COAG) diagnosed after age 40, and (2) the less common form, juvenile open-angle glaucoma (JOAG), which occurs between 3 years of age and early adulthood. Susceptibility to either COAG or JOAG has been found to be inherited. The discovery of several genetic markers spanning the region 1q21-q24 in genetic linkage with autosomal dominant juvenile open-angle glaucoma (adJOAG) represents a major breakthrough towards the localisation of gene(s) responsible for the disease. Linkage analysis is a powerful means of distinguishing disease loci in large families with dominant disease. However the size of the group of families may represent a crucial factor for the linkage analysis. Sardinia is an island with a relatively isolated ethnic group showing a relatively high frequency of ad JOAG and COAG (Fossarello et al, 1994) and it is genetically more homogeneous than most Western populations. Therefore it represents an ideal ethnic group to search for linkage. We identified 18 families affected by POAG in which the disease appears to be inherited as autosomic dominant trait. In all families but two, occurrence of both JOAG and COAG in the same kindred was observed. Identification of adPOAG locus was performed by linkage analysis using 9 microsatellite markers spanning the region 1q21-q24. No significant linkage was observed. Our findings provide further evidence for genetic heterogeneity in autosomal dominant primary open angle glaucoma, even in a geographic area where a relatively homogeneous genetic background exists.
open-angle glaucoma ; Genetic mapping
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/9591
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