The production of D mesons in the scattering of transversely polarized protons off unpolarized protons at BNL RHIC offers a clear opportunity to gain information on the Sivers gluon distribution function. D production at intermediate rapidity values is dominated by the elementary gg --> c cbar channel; contributions from q qbar --> c cbar s-channel become important only at very large values of x(F). In both processes there is no single spin transfer, so that the final c or cbar quarks are not polarized. Therefore, any transverse single spin asymmetry observed for D's produced in p(uparrow) p interactions cannot originate from the Collins fragmentation mechanism, but only from the Sivers effect in the distribution functions. In particular, any sizable spin asymmetry measured in p(uparrow) p --> D X at midrapidity values will be a direct indication of a nonzero Sivers gluon distribution function. We study the p(uparrow) p --> DX process including intrinsic transverse motion in the parton distribution and fragmentation functions and in the elementary dynamics and show how results from RHIC could allow a measurement of Delta(N)f(g/p(uparrow)).

Accessing Sivers gluon distribution via transverse single spin asymmetries in p(uparrow) p -> D X processes at BNL RHIC

D'ALESIO, UMBERTO;
2004

Abstract

The production of D mesons in the scattering of transversely polarized protons off unpolarized protons at BNL RHIC offers a clear opportunity to gain information on the Sivers gluon distribution function. D production at intermediate rapidity values is dominated by the elementary gg --> c cbar channel; contributions from q qbar --> c cbar s-channel become important only at very large values of x(F). In both processes there is no single spin transfer, so that the final c or cbar quarks are not polarized. Therefore, any transverse single spin asymmetry observed for D's produced in p(uparrow) p interactions cannot originate from the Collins fragmentation mechanism, but only from the Sivers effect in the distribution functions. In particular, any sizable spin asymmetry measured in p(uparrow) p --> D X at midrapidity values will be a direct indication of a nonzero Sivers gluon distribution function. We study the p(uparrow) p --> DX process including intrinsic transverse motion in the parton distribution and fragmentation functions and in the elementary dynamics and show how results from RHIC could allow a measurement of Delta(N)f(g/p(uparrow)).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/96748
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