A proline-rich peptide of 2733 Da, isolated from pig parotid granule preparations was tested against different pathogenic fungi. It showed interesting antifungal activity towards a clinical isolate of Cryptococcus neoformans, with an EC50 of 2.2 μM. Neither cytotoxic nor haemolytic effects were observed towards mammalian cells. Circular dichroism and infrared spectroscopic studies showed that the peptide adopted a combination of polyproline type-II, β-turn and unordered conformations at physiological temperatures. Temperature dependent experiments evidenced a tendency to adopt a polyproline-II helix conformation. From experiments with lipid vesicles, Neutral Red Uptake (NRU), haemolytic assays, and confocal microscopy studies, it could be hypothesized that the peptide may exert its antifungal effect by interacting with an intracellular target rather than through membrane damage.
|Titolo:||Structural and functional studies on a proline-rich peptide isolated from swine saliva endowed with antifungal activity towards Cryptococcus neoformans|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Citazione:||Structural and functional studies on a proline-rich peptide isolated from swine saliva endowed with antifungal activity towards Cryptococcus neoformans. / Conti, S; Radicioni, G; Ciociola, T; Longhi, R; Polonelli, L; Gatti, R; Cabras, T; Messana, I; Castagnola, M; Vitali, A. - 1828:3(2013), pp. 1066-1074.|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|