Fabrication of graphene nanocomposite films via sol-gel chemistry is still a challenging task because of the low solubility of graphene in common solvents. In the present work we have successfully developed a suitable synthesis method employing a solution of exfoliated graphene in 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone that is added to an anhydrous sol of silicon tetrachloride in ethanol. Thin graphene-silica films with high optical transparency have been obtained; the graphene sheets are composed of two layers and do not aggregate at a large range of concentrations upon incorporation into the matrix. Thermal processing of the silica films allows complete removal of 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone without oxidation or degradation of the graphene sheets which are embedded in the oxide.
|Titolo:||Sol-gel chemistry for graphene-silica nanocomposite films|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|