Objective: To investigate whether the administration of the long-lasting dopaminergic drug, cabergoline, improves endocrine and clinical features of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Patients: Twenty-nine women participated in the study: 14 women with clinical and endocrinologic features of PCOS and 15 age- and weight-matched normal cycling women. Each subject was assigned randomly to receive either a tablet of cabergoline at the dose of 0.5 mg/wk or placebo for 4 months. Sixteen subjects (PCOS: n=8; controls: n=8) received cabergoline, whereas 13 (PCOS: n=6; controls: n=7) received placebo. Interventions: Both before and during the 4th month of treatment, blood samples were collected every 10 minutes from 9:00 A.M. to 3:00 P.M., 3 to 7 days after spontaneous or medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA; 5 mg daily for 5 days)-induced menses. Follicle-stimulating hormone and androgen levels were measured in the basal samples, whereas LH levels were measured in all samples. Main Outcome Measures: Menstrual cyclicity, LH pulsatility, and circulating levels of FSH, PRL, E(2), total T, free T, androstenedione, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, DHEAS, and sex hormone-binding globulin. Results: Both in controls and in PCOS-affected women, cabergoline administration blunted plasma PRL levels without affecting LH pulsatility. Androgen levels were reduced in controls and normalized in PCOS. Cabergoline, but not placebo, induced menses reappearance in amenorrheic and a normalization of menstrual cyclicity in oligoamenorrheic women with PCOS. Conclusions: The administration of cabergoline is capable to normalize androgen levels and to improve menstrual cyclicity in PCOS-affected women. Cabergoline may represent an useful treatment for menstrual irregularities of PCOS patients.

The chronic administration of cabergoline normalizes androgen secretion and improves menstrual cyclicity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

PAOLETTI, ANNA MARIA;ORRU', MARISA MARGHERITA;MELIS, GIAN BENEDETTO
1996-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To investigate whether the administration of the long-lasting dopaminergic drug, cabergoline, improves endocrine and clinical features of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Patients: Twenty-nine women participated in the study: 14 women with clinical and endocrinologic features of PCOS and 15 age- and weight-matched normal cycling women. Each subject was assigned randomly to receive either a tablet of cabergoline at the dose of 0.5 mg/wk or placebo for 4 months. Sixteen subjects (PCOS: n=8; controls: n=8) received cabergoline, whereas 13 (PCOS: n=6; controls: n=7) received placebo. Interventions: Both before and during the 4th month of treatment, blood samples were collected every 10 minutes from 9:00 A.M. to 3:00 P.M., 3 to 7 days after spontaneous or medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA; 5 mg daily for 5 days)-induced menses. Follicle-stimulating hormone and androgen levels were measured in the basal samples, whereas LH levels were measured in all samples. Main Outcome Measures: Menstrual cyclicity, LH pulsatility, and circulating levels of FSH, PRL, E(2), total T, free T, androstenedione, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, DHEAS, and sex hormone-binding globulin. Results: Both in controls and in PCOS-affected women, cabergoline administration blunted plasma PRL levels without affecting LH pulsatility. Androgen levels were reduced in controls and normalized in PCOS. Cabergoline, but not placebo, induced menses reappearance in amenorrheic and a normalization of menstrual cyclicity in oligoamenorrheic women with PCOS. Conclusions: The administration of cabergoline is capable to normalize androgen levels and to improve menstrual cyclicity in PCOS-affected women. Cabergoline may represent an useful treatment for menstrual irregularities of PCOS patients.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/99391
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact