In this article the problems of input multiplicities arising in non-isothermal crystallization process is first considered. Using controllability tools it was found that the system, along a certain trajectory is ill conditioned. Furthermore, the singularity loci of the gain matrix, calculated at asymptotic condition, were obtained. The ill-conditioned nature of the corresponding control problem may imply limitations and affect the responsiveness of the system and thus the design of a proper control strategy is also addressed in this paper. The proposed control strategy consists of two-stages. In the first stage a feedforward control is used, where the antisolvent flowrate and temperature trajectories are the results of a static optimization procedure. At the second stage, a feedback control action is introduced and it is used to eliminate the possible offsets due to modeling errors. Results are illustrated for the simulated NaCl-water-ethanol antisolvent crystallization system.

Controllability of semibatch nonisothermal antisolvent crystallization processes

TRONCI, STEFANIA;BARATTI, ROBERTO;
2014

Abstract

In this article the problems of input multiplicities arising in non-isothermal crystallization process is first considered. Using controllability tools it was found that the system, along a certain trajectory is ill conditioned. Furthermore, the singularity loci of the gain matrix, calculated at asymptotic condition, were obtained. The ill-conditioned nature of the corresponding control problem may imply limitations and affect the responsiveness of the system and thus the design of a proper control strategy is also addressed in this paper. The proposed control strategy consists of two-stages. In the first stage a feedforward control is used, where the antisolvent flowrate and temperature trajectories are the results of a static optimization procedure. At the second stage, a feedback control action is introduced and it is used to eliminate the possible offsets due to modeling errors. Results are illustrated for the simulated NaCl-water-ethanol antisolvent crystallization system.
Anti-solvent Nonisothermal crystallization, Control strategies, Input multiplicity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/99400
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