The antimycobacterial activities of two new S-alkylisothiosemicarbazone derivatives (1i and 1f) against 32 Mycobacterium avium isolates were investigated. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were significantly lower than those of rifampicin and other reference drugs. The two derivatives also showed excellent intracellular activity against M. avium residing in the macrophage-like J774 cells. Interestingly, the combination of subinhibitory concentrations of 1i and rifabutin or rifampicin induced a potent synergistic effect, as determined by the fractional inhibitory concentration indexes (FICIs) ranging between 0.103 and 0.412. Such synergistic effect resulted in a 81-fold and 139-fold reduction of the MICs of rifabutin and rifampicin, respectively. Enhancement of intracellular activity of rifabutin by the S- alkylisothiosemicarbazone derivative 1i was also observed. Results indicate that S-alkylisothiosemicarbazones can be useful in the therapy and prophylaxis of M. avium infections and can represent a template for the development of novel antimycobacterial drugs. Furthermore, as a consequence of their ability to enhance the activity of rifamycins, a reduction of drug interactions following the co-administration of protease inhibitors could be achieved by lower doses of rifampicin and rifabutin.
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|Titolo:||Activity of a new class of isonicotinoylhydrazones used alone and in combination with isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, para-aminosalicylic acid and clofazimine against Mycobacterium tuberculosis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|