A cognitive approach to the pathologies of normativity


What is normativity? Is it socially determined or cognitively constrained? In this paper, we aim to provide some answers to these questions by considering the pathologies of both social and moral normativity. In the first part of the paper social normativity is discussed, focusing on the effects of social stereotypes on listeners’ interpretation of figurative language. Some studies have shown that adults with autism spectrum disorders are sensitive to stereotypes on genre, race and age. Is social stereotypes processing indeed intact in autism? Could it be resorted to for communicative purposes? Recent findings suggest that individuals with high functioning autism have difficulties integrating stereotypical knowledge with information about the speaker’s intention. In the second part of the paper, moral normativity is discussed in relation to the ability of identifying moral, conventional and disgust transgressions. Recent results show that individuals with high functioning autism have difficulties providing appropriate moral justifications and evaluating the seriousness of transgressions. In particular, they fail to use relevant information about the agent’s intention and the affective impact of the action outcome in conscious moral reasoning.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/116435
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