The present paper describes the analytical solution of position kinematics for a three degree-of-freedom parallel manipulator. It also provides a numeric example of workspace calculation and a procedure for its optimization. The manipulator consists of a base and a moving platform connected to the base by three identical legs; each leg is provided with a P􏰐PS chain, where P􏰐 designates an actuated prismatic pair, P stands for a passive prismatic pair, and S a spherical pair. The direct analysis yields a nonlinear system with eight solutions at the most. The inverse analysis is solved in three relevant cases: (i) the orientation of the moving platform is given, (ii) the position of a reference point of the moving platform is given, and (iii) two rotations (pointing) and one translation (focusing) are given. In the present paper it is proved that case (i) yields an inverse singularity condition of the mechanism; case (ii) provides a nonlinear system with four distinct solutions at the most; case (iii) allows the finding of some geometrical configurations of the actuated pairs for minimizing parasitic movements in the case of a pointing/focusing operation of the manipulator.

### Position Analysis, Workspace and Optimization of a 3-PPS Spatial Manipulator

#### Abstract

The present paper describes the analytical solution of position kinematics for a three degree-of-freedom parallel manipulator. It also provides a numeric example of workspace calculation and a procedure for its optimization. The manipulator consists of a base and a moving platform connected to the base by three identical legs; each leg is provided with a P􏰐PS chain, where P􏰐 designates an actuated prismatic pair, P stands for a passive prismatic pair, and S a spherical pair. The direct analysis yields a nonlinear system with eight solutions at the most. The inverse analysis is solved in three relevant cases: (i) the orientation of the moving platform is given, (ii) the position of a reference point of the moving platform is given, and (iii) two rotations (pointing) and one translation (focusing) are given. In the present paper it is proved that case (i) yields an inverse singularity condition of the mechanism; case (ii) provides a nonlinear system with four distinct solutions at the most; case (iii) allows the finding of some geometrical configurations of the actuated pairs for minimizing parasitic movements in the case of a pointing/focusing operation of the manipulator.
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2009
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11584/14907`
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