Exercise is a major challenge for the cardiovascular apparatus, since it has to provide adequate oxygen supply to exercising muscles and to guarantee arterial blood pressure regulation. Several adjustments, such as heart rate increase, contractility enhancement, and venous return modulation are made to accomplish this task. Furthermore, regular physical training induces several physiological adaptations due to an increase in parasympathetic and a decrease in sympathetic tone and to chronic increases in cardiac pre-load and after-load. There are gender-related physiological and morphological differences in the cardiovascular adjustments and adaptations to physical exercise in humans. In this review, we briefly summarize these differences. Moreover, differences in ECG pattern between sexes are discussed

Gender differences in cardiovascular functions during exercise: a brief review

MARONGIU, ELISABETTA;CRISAFULLI, ANTONIO
2015

Abstract

Exercise is a major challenge for the cardiovascular apparatus, since it has to provide adequate oxygen supply to exercising muscles and to guarantee arterial blood pressure regulation. Several adjustments, such as heart rate increase, contractility enhancement, and venous return modulation are made to accomplish this task. Furthermore, regular physical training induces several physiological adaptations due to an increase in parasympathetic and a decrease in sympathetic tone and to chronic increases in cardiac pre-load and after-load. There are gender-related physiological and morphological differences in the cardiovascular adjustments and adaptations to physical exercise in humans. In this review, we briefly summarize these differences. Moreover, differences in ECG pattern between sexes are discussed
Blood pressure, Cardiac output, Hemodynamics, Stroke volume, Orthopedics and sports medicine
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
gender con betta SSFH 2015.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: versione editoriale
Dimensione 657.3 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
657.3 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/175743
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact