Autistic Spectrum Disorders are characterized by significant impairments in social cognition, which consists in the ability to infer others’ mental states from complex combinations of behavioural cues. Social cognition includes a series of human information processes, specialized in the perception and in the analysis of social stimuli. After a brief description of the leading research areas that investigate social cognition, this article describes the psychological processes involved in this abilities and its underlie neural networks. Finally, the principal evidence-based intervention to promote social cognition in Autistic Spectrum Disordered are illustrated and discussed.
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