Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are a nature-inspired model, extensively employed in a broad range of applications in computer vision, machine learning and pattern recognition. The CNN algorithm requires execution of multiple layers, commonly called convolution layers, that involve application of 2D convolution filters of different sizes over a set of input image features. Such a computation kernel is intrinsically parallel, thus significantly benefits from acceleration on parallel hardware. In this work, we propose an accelerator architecture, suitable to be implemented on mid-To high-range FPGA devices, that can be re-configured at runtime to adapt to different filter sizes in different convolution layers. We present an accelerator configuration, mapped on a Xilinx Zynq XC-Z7045 device, that achieves up to 120 GMAC/s (16 bit precision) when executing 5×5 filters and up to 129 GMAC/s when executing 3×3 filters, consuming less than 10W of power, reaching more than 97% DSP resource utilizazion at 150MHz operating frequency and requiring only 16B/cycle I/O bandwidth.

A high-efficiency runtime reconfigurable IP for CNN acceleration on a mid-range all-programmable SoC

Meloni, Paolo;Deriu, Gianfranco;Raffo, Luigi;
2016-01-01

Abstract

Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are a nature-inspired model, extensively employed in a broad range of applications in computer vision, machine learning and pattern recognition. The CNN algorithm requires execution of multiple layers, commonly called convolution layers, that involve application of 2D convolution filters of different sizes over a set of input image features. Such a computation kernel is intrinsically parallel, thus significantly benefits from acceleration on parallel hardware. In this work, we propose an accelerator architecture, suitable to be implemented on mid-To high-range FPGA devices, that can be re-configured at runtime to adapt to different filter sizes in different convolution layers. We present an accelerator configuration, mapped on a Xilinx Zynq XC-Z7045 device, that achieves up to 120 GMAC/s (16 bit precision) when executing 5×5 filters and up to 129 GMAC/s when executing 3×3 filters, consuming less than 10W of power, reaching more than 97% DSP resource utilizazion at 150MHz operating frequency and requiring only 16B/cycle I/O bandwidth.
2016
9781509037070
Hardware and Architecture; Computer Networks and Communications
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/235956
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