Three series of arylbenzimidazole derivatives 3-40, 45 have been simply synthesized and tested for their antioxidant capacity. The 2-arylbenzimidazoles were tested against various radicals by the DPPH, FRAP and ORAC tests and showed different activity profiles. It has been observed that the number and position of the hydroxy groups on the 2-aryl portion and the presence of a diethylamino group or a 2-styryl group are related to a good antioxidant capacity. Furthermore, benzimidazoles showed satisfactory SPF values ​​in vitro compared to the commercial PBSA filter, proving to have a good photoprotective profile. In particular, 2-arylbenzimidazole-5-sulphonic acids 15 and 38, the 2-styryl-benzimidazole 45 showed broad spectrum solar protection against UVA and UVB rays. The antiproliferative effect of the benzimidazoles was tested on human skin melanoma Colo-38 cells. The styrylbenzimidazole 45 exhibited antiproliferative effect at low micromolar concentration against Colo-38 cells and very low antiproliferative activity on normal HaCat keratinocyte cells.

Synthesis and evaluation of antioxidant and antiproliferative activity of 2-arylbenzimidazoles

Demurtas, Monica
Co-primo
;
Moi, Davide;Balboni, Gianfranco;Onnis, Valentina
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Three series of arylbenzimidazole derivatives 3-40, 45 have been simply synthesized and tested for their antioxidant capacity. The 2-arylbenzimidazoles were tested against various radicals by the DPPH, FRAP and ORAC tests and showed different activity profiles. It has been observed that the number and position of the hydroxy groups on the 2-aryl portion and the presence of a diethylamino group or a 2-styryl group are related to a good antioxidant capacity. Furthermore, benzimidazoles showed satisfactory SPF values ​​in vitro compared to the commercial PBSA filter, proving to have a good photoprotective profile. In particular, 2-arylbenzimidazole-5-sulphonic acids 15 and 38, the 2-styryl-benzimidazole 45 showed broad spectrum solar protection against UVA and UVB rays. The antiproliferative effect of the benzimidazoles was tested on human skin melanoma Colo-38 cells. The styrylbenzimidazole 45 exhibited antiproliferative effect at low micromolar concentration against Colo-38 cells and very low antiproliferative activity on normal HaCat keratinocyte cells.
Benzimidazoles; Polyhydroxylated compounds; Antioxidant activity; Photoprotective agents; Antiproliferative activity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/278792
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