The direct synthesis and consolidation by SPS (1950 °C, 20 min, 20 MPa) of high-entropy (Hf0.2Mo0.2Zr0.2Nb0.2Ti0.2)B2 from elemental powders resulted in a multiphase product. An increase of the heating rate determined a change of the mechanism governing the synthesis reaction from gradual solid-state diffusion to rapid combustion regime, while the final conversion degree was 67 wt.%. The sintered product displayed a non-uniform microstructure with the presence of 10–15 μm sized pores, due to volatilization phenomena occurring during the combustion synthesis reaction. In contrast, when the SPS process was preceded by powder synthesis via SHS, a homogeneous single-phase ceramic was obtained. Clear benefits are derived by the use of SHS, able to provide very shortly powders with elemental species very well intermixed, so that the obtainment of (Hf0.2Mo0.2Zr0.2Nb0.2Ti0.2)B2 during the subsequent SPS stage is strongly promoted. The resulting 92.5% dense product shows superior oxidation resistance with respect to individual borides prepared with the same method.

High-entropy transition metal diborides by reactive and non-reactive spark plasma sintering: a comparative investigation

Tallarita G.
Primo
;
Licheri R.
Secondo
;
Barbarossa S.;Orru R.;Cao G.
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

The direct synthesis and consolidation by SPS (1950 °C, 20 min, 20 MPa) of high-entropy (Hf0.2Mo0.2Zr0.2Nb0.2Ti0.2)B2 from elemental powders resulted in a multiphase product. An increase of the heating rate determined a change of the mechanism governing the synthesis reaction from gradual solid-state diffusion to rapid combustion regime, while the final conversion degree was 67 wt.%. The sintered product displayed a non-uniform microstructure with the presence of 10–15 μm sized pores, due to volatilization phenomena occurring during the combustion synthesis reaction. In contrast, when the SPS process was preceded by powder synthesis via SHS, a homogeneous single-phase ceramic was obtained. Clear benefits are derived by the use of SHS, able to provide very shortly powders with elemental species very well intermixed, so that the obtainment of (Hf0.2Mo0.2Zr0.2Nb0.2Ti0.2)B2 during the subsequent SPS stage is strongly promoted. The resulting 92.5% dense product shows superior oxidation resistance with respect to individual borides prepared with the same method.
2020
Borides; High-entropy ceramics; Resistance to oxidation; Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis; Spark plasma sintering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/284124
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