The present study reports on the powerful nematicidal activity of a series of electron-deficient alkynes against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood. Interestingly, we found that the conjugation of electron-withdrawing carbonyl groups to an alkyne triple bond was extremely proficient in inducing nematode paralysis and death. In particular, dimethylacetylenedicarboxylate (10), 3-butyn-2-one (1), and methyl propiolate (4), with EC50/48 h of 1.54 ± 0.16, 2.38 ± 0.31, and 2.83 ± 0.28 mg/L, respectively, were shown to be the best tested compounds. Earlier studies reported on the ability of alkynoic esters and alkynones to induce a chemoselective cysteine modification of unprotected peptides. Thus, also following our previous findings on the impairment of vacuolar-type proton translocating ATPase functionality by activated carbonyl derivatives, we speculate that the formation of a vinyl sulfide linkage might be responsible for the nematicidal activity of the presented electron-deficient alkynes.

Electron-Deficient Alkynes as Powerful Tools against Root-Knot Nematode Melodogyne incognita: Nematicidal Activity and Investigation on the Mode of Action

Graziella Tocco
Primo
;
Kodjo Eloh;Antonio Laus;and Pierluigi Caboni
2020

Abstract

The present study reports on the powerful nematicidal activity of a series of electron-deficient alkynes against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood. Interestingly, we found that the conjugation of electron-withdrawing carbonyl groups to an alkyne triple bond was extremely proficient in inducing nematode paralysis and death. In particular, dimethylacetylenedicarboxylate (10), 3-butyn-2-one (1), and methyl propiolate (4), with EC50/48 h of 1.54 ± 0.16, 2.38 ± 0.31, and 2.83 ± 0.28 mg/L, respectively, were shown to be the best tested compounds. Earlier studies reported on the ability of alkynoic esters and alkynones to induce a chemoselective cysteine modification of unprotected peptides. Thus, also following our previous findings on the impairment of vacuolar-type proton translocating ATPase functionality by activated carbonyl derivatives, we speculate that the formation of a vinyl sulfide linkage might be responsible for the nematicidal activity of the presented electron-deficient alkynes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/299916
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