Introduction: Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) is a multifactorial disease, where the relative burden of genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors in clinical course and damage accrual is not yet definitively clarified. In clinical practice, there is a real need for useful candidate biomarkers in PsA diagnosis and disease progression, by exploring its underlying transcrip-tomic and epigenomic mechanisms. This work aims to profile the transcriptome in mono-zygotic (MZ) twins with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) highly concordant for clinical presentation, but discordant for the radiographic outcomes’ severity. Methods: We describe i) the clinical case of two MZ twins; ii) their comparative gene expression profiling (HTA 2.0 Affymetrix) and iii) signal pathways and pathophysiological processes in which differentially expressed genes are involved (in silico analysis by the IPA software, QIAGEN). Results: One hundred sixty-three transcripts and 36 coding genes (28 up and 8 down) were differentially expressed between twins, and in the brother with the most erosive form, the transcriptomic profiling highlights the overexpression of genes known to be involved in immunomodulatory processes and on a broad spectrum of PsA manifestations. Discussion: Twins’ clinical cases are still a gold mine in medical research: twin brothers are ideal experimental models in estimating the relative importance of genetic versus nongenetic components as determinants of complex phenotypes, non-Mendelian and multifactorial diseases as PsA.
|Titolo:||Gene expression profiling of monozygotic twins affected by psoriatic arthritis|
ANGIONI, MARIA MADDALENA (Corresponding)
CAULI, ALBERTO (Ultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
File in questo prodotto:
|f_oarrr-291391-gene-expression-profiling-of-monozygotic-twins-affected-by-p_67324.pdf||versione editoriale||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|