Background: To compare the patients’ and physician’s global assessment of disease activity in Behçet’s syndrome (BS) and investigate the frequency, magnitude, and determinants of potential discordance. Methods: A total of 226 adult BS patients with a median (IQR) age of 46.9 (35.6–55.2) years were enrolled across Italy, Greece, Portugal, and Spain. Demographic, clinical, and therapeutic variables, as well as the patient reported outcomes, were collected at the recruitment visit. The physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summary scores of the Short Form Questionnaire 36 (SF-36) and the Behçet’s syndrome Overall Damage Index (BODI) were calculated. Disease activity was assessed by the patients’ (PtGA) and physician’s global assessment (PGA) in a 10-cm visual analog scale, as well as the Behçet Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF). Discordance (∆) was calculated by subtracting the PGA from the PtGA and defined as positive (PtGA>PGA) and negative (PtGA 80%) of disagreements were due to patients rating higher their disease activity. Higher values of BDCAF were associated to increased rate of positive discordance. When BDCAF = 0, the median (IQR) values of PtGA and PGA were 0.2 (0–2) and 0 (0–1), respectively. PCS (adjusted odds ratio (adjOR) 0.96 per unit, 95% CI 0.93–0.98, p = 0.006) and MCS (adjOR 0.96 per unit, 95% CI 0.93–0.99, p = 0.003) were independently associated with positive discordance using both cutoffs. Active ocular involvement emerged as a potential determinant of negative discordance (adjOR 5.88, 95% CI 1.48–23.30, p = 0.012). Conclusions: PtGA and PGA should be considered as complementary measures in BS, as patients and physicians may be influenced by different factors when assessing active disease manifestations. Particularly, PtGA may be a useful tool in the assessment of BS disease activity, as it carries a low risk to misclassify an inactive disease, and may allow to capture aspects of the patient’s health that negatively affect his well-being and the treatment.

Discordance between patient and physician global assessment of disease activity in Behçet’s syndrome: a multicenter study cohort

Floris A.
Primo
;
Mathieu A.;Cauli A.;Piga M.
Ultimo
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: To compare the patients’ and physician’s global assessment of disease activity in Behçet’s syndrome (BS) and investigate the frequency, magnitude, and determinants of potential discordance. Methods: A total of 226 adult BS patients with a median (IQR) age of 46.9 (35.6–55.2) years were enrolled across Italy, Greece, Portugal, and Spain. Demographic, clinical, and therapeutic variables, as well as the patient reported outcomes, were collected at the recruitment visit. The physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summary scores of the Short Form Questionnaire 36 (SF-36) and the Behçet’s syndrome Overall Damage Index (BODI) were calculated. Disease activity was assessed by the patients’ (PtGA) and physician’s global assessment (PGA) in a 10-cm visual analog scale, as well as the Behçet Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF). Discordance (∆) was calculated by subtracting the PGA from the PtGA and defined as positive (PtGA>PGA) and negative (PtGA 80%) of disagreements were due to patients rating higher their disease activity. Higher values of BDCAF were associated to increased rate of positive discordance. When BDCAF = 0, the median (IQR) values of PtGA and PGA were 0.2 (0–2) and 0 (0–1), respectively. PCS (adjusted odds ratio (adjOR) 0.96 per unit, 95% CI 0.93–0.98, p = 0.006) and MCS (adjOR 0.96 per unit, 95% CI 0.93–0.99, p = 0.003) were independently associated with positive discordance using both cutoffs. Active ocular involvement emerged as a potential determinant of negative discordance (adjOR 5.88, 95% CI 1.48–23.30, p = 0.012). Conclusions: PtGA and PGA should be considered as complementary measures in BS, as patients and physicians may be influenced by different factors when assessing active disease manifestations. Particularly, PtGA may be a useful tool in the assessment of BS disease activity, as it carries a low risk to misclassify an inactive disease, and may allow to capture aspects of the patient’s health that negatively affect his well-being and the treatment.
2020
Behçet’s syndrome; Disease activity; Outcome measure; Patients reported outcomes.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2020 - Floris et al. PtGA-PGA discordance in BS_ARRT.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: versione editoriale
Dimensione 965.62 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
965.62 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/318943
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact