The thermal and hydrothermal stability of oleate-capped nanosized spinel iron oxides is of primary importance for the plethora of applications and environments for which they are employed. An in-situ XRD and ex-situ autoclave treatments have been set up for monitoring the thermal and hydrothermal stability in different samples. In detail, spinel iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) were studied as (i) single-phase alone at three different sizes (about 6, 10, and 15 nm); (ii) as core in a core-shell architecture having cobalt ferrite as shell, at different core sizes (about 6 and 10 nm); (iii) as shell in a core-shell architecture with cobalt ferrite as core, at different shell thicknesses (about 3 and 4 nm). The Rietveld refinement of the diffraction patterns and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy have been exploited to monitor the evolution of the structural parameters and the hematite fraction. Moreover, transmission electron microscopy has permitted to deepen the morphological details on the phases. The spinel iron oxide-hematite transition has been found size- and time-dependent for the single-phase iron oxide NPs (360–455 °C). The transition temperature has increased significantly when iron oxide is incorporated in a core-shell architecture, both as core (630 °C) and shell (520 °C), suggesting a stabilizing effect of cobalt ferrite. The hydrothermal stability of iron oxide and core-shell NPs has been found dependent on water content, time, and temperature, with a reducing effect of pentanol toward the formation of magnetite from maghemite, highlighted by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. The synergic effects of cobalt ferrite and pentanol have limited the formation of hematite, leading to the obtainment of magnetite-covered cobalt ferrite NPs upon the hydrothermal treatment.

On the thermal and hydrothermal stability of spinel iron oxide nanoparticles as single and core-shell hard-soft phases

Sanna Angotzi M.
;
Mameli V.;Rusta N.;Cannas C.
2023-01-01

Abstract

The thermal and hydrothermal stability of oleate-capped nanosized spinel iron oxides is of primary importance for the plethora of applications and environments for which they are employed. An in-situ XRD and ex-situ autoclave treatments have been set up for monitoring the thermal and hydrothermal stability in different samples. In detail, spinel iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) were studied as (i) single-phase alone at three different sizes (about 6, 10, and 15 nm); (ii) as core in a core-shell architecture having cobalt ferrite as shell, at different core sizes (about 6 and 10 nm); (iii) as shell in a core-shell architecture with cobalt ferrite as core, at different shell thicknesses (about 3 and 4 nm). The Rietveld refinement of the diffraction patterns and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy have been exploited to monitor the evolution of the structural parameters and the hematite fraction. Moreover, transmission electron microscopy has permitted to deepen the morphological details on the phases. The spinel iron oxide-hematite transition has been found size- and time-dependent for the single-phase iron oxide NPs (360–455 °C). The transition temperature has increased significantly when iron oxide is incorporated in a core-shell architecture, both as core (630 °C) and shell (520 °C), suggesting a stabilizing effect of cobalt ferrite. The hydrothermal stability of iron oxide and core-shell NPs has been found dependent on water content, time, and temperature, with a reducing effect of pentanol toward the formation of magnetite from maghemite, highlighted by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. The synergic effects of cobalt ferrite and pentanol have limited the formation of hematite, leading to the obtainment of magnetite-covered cobalt ferrite NPs upon the hydrothermal treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/354778
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