The degradation of the main azadirachtoids on tomatoes was studied after greenhouse treatment. These experiments were carried out at 1 and 5× the concentration recommended by the manufacturer. In all experiments the deposition of azadirachtin A (AZA-A) was below the maximum residue level (MRL). Even if at the highest dose, AZA-A half-life time calculated as pseudo first order kinetic was 1.2 days in agreement with the recommended preharvest interval (PHI) of 3 days. Experiments with a model system showed that sunlight photodegradation is the main factor influencing the rate of disappearance of AZA-A after greenhouse treatment while tomato epicuticular waxes doubled the photodegradation rate of AZA-A in a commercial formulation.

Fate of azadirachtin A and related azadirachtoids on tomatoes after greenhouse treatment

CABONI, PIERLUIGI;SARAIS, GIORGIA;ANGIONI, ALBERTO;LAI, FRANCESCO;
2009

Abstract

The degradation of the main azadirachtoids on tomatoes was studied after greenhouse treatment. These experiments were carried out at 1 and 5× the concentration recommended by the manufacturer. In all experiments the deposition of azadirachtin A (AZA-A) was below the maximum residue level (MRL). Even if at the highest dose, AZA-A half-life time calculated as pseudo first order kinetic was 1.2 days in agreement with the recommended preharvest interval (PHI) of 3 days. Experiments with a model system showed that sunlight photodegradation is the main factor influencing the rate of disappearance of AZA-A after greenhouse treatment while tomato epicuticular waxes doubled the photodegradation rate of AZA-A in a commercial formulation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/109553
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