Reverse transcriptase (RT)-associated DNA polymerase (RDDP) and ribonucleaser H (RNase H) functions are both essential for HIV-1 genome replication, and the identification of new inhibitors to block both of them is a goal actively pursued by the scientific community. In this field, natural extracts have shown a great potential as source of new antivirals. In the present work, we investigated the effect of Uvaria angolensis extracts on the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase-associated DNA polymerase and ribonuclease H activities. The U. angolensis stem bark methanol extract inhibit both HIV-1 RNase H function and RDDP activity with IC50 values of 1.0 ± 0.2 and 0.62 ± 0.15 μg/mL, respectively and, after been fractionated with different solvents, its solid residue showed an IC50 of 0.10 ± 0.03 and of 0.23 ± 0.04 μg/mL against RNase H and RDDP, respectively, hence laying the bases for further studies for identification of single active components.

Uvaria angolensis as a promising source of inhibitors of HIV-1 RT-associated RNA-dependent DNA polymerase and RNase H functions

NGOUTANE MFOPA, ALVINE;CORONA, ANGELA
;
ELOH, KODJO;TRAMONTANO, ENZO;FRAU, ALDO;CABONI, PIERLUIGI;TOCCO, GRAZIELLA
2018-01-01

Abstract

Reverse transcriptase (RT)-associated DNA polymerase (RDDP) and ribonucleaser H (RNase H) functions are both essential for HIV-1 genome replication, and the identification of new inhibitors to block both of them is a goal actively pursued by the scientific community. In this field, natural extracts have shown a great potential as source of new antivirals. In the present work, we investigated the effect of Uvaria angolensis extracts on the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase-associated DNA polymerase and ribonuclease H activities. The U. angolensis stem bark methanol extract inhibit both HIV-1 RNase H function and RDDP activity with IC50 values of 1.0 ± 0.2 and 0.62 ± 0.15 μg/mL, respectively and, after been fractionated with different solvents, its solid residue showed an IC50 of 0.10 ± 0.03 and of 0.23 ± 0.04 μg/mL against RNase H and RDDP, respectively, hence laying the bases for further studies for identification of single active components.
HIV-1; Uvaria angolensis; Dual inhibitor; Plant extracts; Reverse transcriptase
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/215037
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