Our aim is to contribute to the Italian validation of the Approach-Avoidance Temperament Questionnaire (ATQ), an instrument devoted to evaluate approach and avoidance temperaments according to the Approach-Avoidance Temperament Model (Elliot & Thrash, 2002, 2010). We performed an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) in an university students’ pilot sample (Sample 1, n = 98) and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in an adults’ convenience sample (Sample 2, n = 360). We evaluated the invariance across gender and education and we explored the convergent validity with the BIS-BAS scale. The ATQ reported an a-priori two-factor structure in the EFA, that was confirmed in the CFA, satisfactory internal reliability, invariance across gender and education and convergence with the BIS-BAS scale. Even though our results await to be confirmed in larger and diversified samples, the ATQ appears to be a valid, reliable and parsimonious instrument to measure approach-avoidance temperaments.

Italian validation of the Approach-avoidance Temperament Questionnaire

Monni A.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Francesca Scalas L.
Secondo
Writing – Review & Editing
2019-01-01

Abstract

Our aim is to contribute to the Italian validation of the Approach-Avoidance Temperament Questionnaire (ATQ), an instrument devoted to evaluate approach and avoidance temperaments according to the Approach-Avoidance Temperament Model (Elliot & Thrash, 2002, 2010). We performed an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) in an university students’ pilot sample (Sample 1, n = 98) and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in an adults’ convenience sample (Sample 2, n = 360). We evaluated the invariance across gender and education and we explored the convergent validity with the BIS-BAS scale. The ATQ reported an a-priori two-factor structure in the EFA, that was confirmed in the CFA, satisfactory internal reliability, invariance across gender and education and convergence with the BIS-BAS scale. Even though our results await to be confirmed in larger and diversified samples, the ATQ appears to be a valid, reliable and parsimonious instrument to measure approach-avoidance temperaments.
Approach temperament; Avoidance temperament; Italian validation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/293545
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