Person re-identification is a challenging cross-camera matching problem, which is inherently subject to domain shift. To mitigate it, many solutions have been proposed so far, based on four kinds of approaches: supervised and unsupervised domain adaptation, direct transfer, and domain generalisation; in particular, the first two approaches require target data during system design, respectively labelled and unlabelled. In this work, we consider a very different approach, known as human-in-the-loopHITL), which consists of exploiting user’s feedback on target data processed during system operation to improve re-identification accuracy. Although it seems particularly suited to this application, given the inherent interaction with a human operator, HITL methods have been proposed for person re-identification by only a few works so far, and with a different purpose than addressing domain shift. However, we argue that HITL deserves further consideration in person re-identification, also as a potential alternative solution against domain shift. To substantiate our view, we consider simple HITL implementations which do not require model re-training or fine-tuning: they are based on well-known relevance feedback algorithms for content-based image retrieval, and of novel versions of them we devise specifically for person re-identification. We then conduct an extensive, cross-data set experimental evaluation of our HITL implementations on benchmark data sets, and compare them with a large set of existing methods against domain shift, belonging to the four categories mentioned above. Our results provide evidence that HITL can be as effective as, or even outperform, existing ad hoc solutions against domain shift for person re-identification, even under the simple implementations we consider. We believe that these results can foster further research on HITL in the person re-identification field, where, in our opinion, its potential has not been thoroughly explored so far.

Human-in-the-loop cross-domain person re-identification

Delussu R.
Primo
;
Putzu L.
Secondo
;
Fumera G.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Person re-identification is a challenging cross-camera matching problem, which is inherently subject to domain shift. To mitigate it, many solutions have been proposed so far, based on four kinds of approaches: supervised and unsupervised domain adaptation, direct transfer, and domain generalisation; in particular, the first two approaches require target data during system design, respectively labelled and unlabelled. In this work, we consider a very different approach, known as human-in-the-loopHITL), which consists of exploiting user’s feedback on target data processed during system operation to improve re-identification accuracy. Although it seems particularly suited to this application, given the inherent interaction with a human operator, HITL methods have been proposed for person re-identification by only a few works so far, and with a different purpose than addressing domain shift. However, we argue that HITL deserves further consideration in person re-identification, also as a potential alternative solution against domain shift. To substantiate our view, we consider simple HITL implementations which do not require model re-training or fine-tuning: they are based on well-known relevance feedback algorithms for content-based image retrieval, and of novel versions of them we devise specifically for person re-identification. We then conduct an extensive, cross-data set experimental evaluation of our HITL implementations on benchmark data sets, and compare them with a large set of existing methods against domain shift, belonging to the four categories mentioned above. Our results provide evidence that HITL can be as effective as, or even outperform, existing ad hoc solutions against domain shift for person re-identification, even under the simple implementations we consider. We believe that these results can foster further research on HITL in the person re-identification field, where, in our opinion, its potential has not been thoroughly explored so far.
2023
Human in the loop; Online domain adaptation; Person re-identification; Relevance feedback
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/361261
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