We studied the total phenols and flavonoids, liposoluble antioxidants, fatty acid and triacylglycerol profiles, and oxidative status of oil obtained from Lycium europaeum fruits following supercritical CO2 extraction (at 30 MPa and 40 °C). Linoleic (52%), palmitic (18%), oleic (13%), and -linolenic (6%) were the main oil fatty acids, while trilinolein and palmitodilinolein/oleodilinolein represented the main triacylglycerols. The oil was characterized by high levels of all-trans-zeaxanthin and all-trans--carotene (755 and 332 μg/g of oil, respectively), -tocopherol (308 μg/g of oil), total phenols (13.6 mg gallic acid equivalents/g of oil), and total flavonoids (6.8 mg quercetin equivalents/g of oil). The oil showed radical scavenging activities (ABTS and DPPH assays) and inhibited Caco-2 cell growth. Moreover, the incubation of differentiated Caco-2 cells with a non-toxic oil concentration (100 μg/mL) induced a significant intracellular accumulation of essential fatty acids. The results qualify L. europaeum oil as a potential source for food/pharmaceutical applications.

Chemical composition of Lycium europaeum fruit oil obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction and evaluation of its antioxidant activity, cytotoxicity and cell absorption

ROSA, ANTONELLA;MAXIA, ANDREA;PUTZU, DANILO;ATZERI, ANGELA;ERA, BENEDETTA;FAIS, ANTONELLA;SANNA, CINZIA;PIRAS, ALESSANDRA
2017-01-01

Abstract

We studied the total phenols and flavonoids, liposoluble antioxidants, fatty acid and triacylglycerol profiles, and oxidative status of oil obtained from Lycium europaeum fruits following supercritical CO2 extraction (at 30 MPa and 40 °C). Linoleic (52%), palmitic (18%), oleic (13%), and -linolenic (6%) were the main oil fatty acids, while trilinolein and palmitodilinolein/oleodilinolein represented the main triacylglycerols. The oil was characterized by high levels of all-trans-zeaxanthin and all-trans--carotene (755 and 332 μg/g of oil, respectively), -tocopherol (308 μg/g of oil), total phenols (13.6 mg gallic acid equivalents/g of oil), and total flavonoids (6.8 mg quercetin equivalents/g of oil). The oil showed radical scavenging activities (ABTS and DPPH assays) and inhibited Caco-2 cell growth. Moreover, the incubation of differentiated Caco-2 cells with a non-toxic oil concentration (100 μg/mL) induced a significant intracellular accumulation of essential fatty acids. The results qualify L. europaeum oil as a potential source for food/pharmaceutical applications.
Lycium europaeum oil; Essential fatty acids; Antioxidants; Radical scavenging activity; Cytotoxicity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/208870
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