The AIRE protein plays a remarkable role as a regulator of central tolerance by controlling the promiscuous expression of tissue-specific antigens in thymic medullary epithelial cells. Defects in AIRE gene cause the autoimmune polyendocrinopathy- candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy, a rare disease frequent in Iranian Jews, Finns, and Sardinian population. AIRE protein is primarily known as a transcriptional regulator and is capable of interacting with numerous proteins. The first characterized partner of AIRE is the ubiquitous transcription factor CREB-binding protein (CBP), which regulates DNA transcription through the acetylation and deacetylation of histones. More recently, the role of p300 in AIRE acetylation, which could influence the selection of AIRE activated genes, has been described. Results: In this study, we have precisely mapped, by mass spectrometry experiments, the sites of protein acetylation and, by mutagenesis assays, we have described a set of acetylated lysines as being crucial in influencing the subcellular localization of AIRE. Furthermore, we have also determined that the de-acetyltransferase enzymes HDAC1-2 are involved in the lysine de-acetylation of AIRE. Conclusions: On the basis of our results and those reported in literature, we propose a model in which lysines acetylation increases the stability of AIRE in the nucleus. In addition, we observed that the interaction of AIRE with deacetylases complexes inhibits its transcriptional activity and is probably responsible for the instability of AIRE, which becomes more susceptible to degradation in the proteasome.

AIRE acetylation and deacetylation: effect on protein stability and transactivation activity

INCANI, FEDERICA;COSSU, CARLA;SABA, LUISELLA;CABRAS, TIZIANA;MESSANA, IRENE;ROSATELLI, MARIA CRISTINA
2014

Abstract

The AIRE protein plays a remarkable role as a regulator of central tolerance by controlling the promiscuous expression of tissue-specific antigens in thymic medullary epithelial cells. Defects in AIRE gene cause the autoimmune polyendocrinopathy- candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy, a rare disease frequent in Iranian Jews, Finns, and Sardinian population. AIRE protein is primarily known as a transcriptional regulator and is capable of interacting with numerous proteins. The first characterized partner of AIRE is the ubiquitous transcription factor CREB-binding protein (CBP), which regulates DNA transcription through the acetylation and deacetylation of histones. More recently, the role of p300 in AIRE acetylation, which could influence the selection of AIRE activated genes, has been described. Results: In this study, we have precisely mapped, by mass spectrometry experiments, the sites of protein acetylation and, by mutagenesis assays, we have described a set of acetylated lysines as being crucial in influencing the subcellular localization of AIRE. Furthermore, we have also determined that the de-acetyltransferase enzymes HDAC1-2 are involved in the lysine de-acetylation of AIRE. Conclusions: On the basis of our results and those reported in literature, we propose a model in which lysines acetylation increases the stability of AIRE in the nucleus. In addition, we observed that the interaction of AIRE with deacetylases complexes inhibits its transcriptional activity and is probably responsible for the instability of AIRE, which becomes more susceptible to degradation in the proteasome.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
AIRE acetilation J biomed sci.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: versione editoriale
Dimensione 3.23 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.23 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/99167
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 9
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact