Nine compounds, including two undescribed withanolides, withasomniferolides A and B (1 and 2), three known withanolides (3-5), a ferulic acid dimeric ester (6), and an inseparable mixture of three long alkyl chain ferulic acid esters (7-9) were isolated from a GABAA receptor positive activator methanol extract of the roots of Withania somnifera. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated based on NMR, MS and ECD data analysis. In order to bioassay the single ferulic acid derivatives, compounds 6-9 were also synthesized. The most active compound, docosanyl ferulate (9), was able to enhance the GABAA receptor inhibitory postsynaptic currents with an IC50 value of 7.9 µM. These results, by showing an ability to modulate the GABAA receptor function, cast fresh light on the biological activities of the secondary metabolites of W. somnifera roots.

Ferulic Acid Esters and Withanolides: in Search of Withania somnifera GABAA Receptor Modulators

Vijay P. Sonar;Benedetta Fois;Simona Distinto;Elias Maccioni;Rita Meleddu;Filippo Cottiglia;Elio Acquas;Costantino Floris;Claudia Sissi;Enrico Sanna;Giuseppe Talani
2019-01-01

Abstract

Nine compounds, including two undescribed withanolides, withasomniferolides A and B (1 and 2), three known withanolides (3-5), a ferulic acid dimeric ester (6), and an inseparable mixture of three long alkyl chain ferulic acid esters (7-9) were isolated from a GABAA receptor positive activator methanol extract of the roots of Withania somnifera. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated based on NMR, MS and ECD data analysis. In order to bioassay the single ferulic acid derivatives, compounds 6-9 were also synthesized. The most active compound, docosanyl ferulate (9), was able to enhance the GABAA receptor inhibitory postsynaptic currents with an IC50 value of 7.9 µM. These results, by showing an ability to modulate the GABAA receptor function, cast fresh light on the biological activities of the secondary metabolites of W. somnifera roots.
2019
CYTOTOXIC WITHANOLIDES; ADAPTOGENIC ACTIVITY; ROOT EXTRACT; MOLECULES
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/270048
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